Brief History of the Case:
Tumkur (place changed) Police station Inspector of Police visited on late Rahu’s (name changed) house. 301/5 On 29/11/2019 at 13:00 hours late, Rahu’s (name changed) wife gave a written complaint. According to her on 28/11/2019, around 16:30 hours, her husband took his S.B.B.L (single barrel breach loading) gun to protect our Arecanut plantation from monkeys’ attack. When her husband did not come back to the house around 20:00 hours, she called his mobile number many times, no response from the other end. She called her relative and took torchlight went to look for her husband. Around 22:00 hours, she found her husband, who got injured, and he was bleeding from his face and body was warm, so she decides to take his on her back and carries him to hospital. Near her home, he passed away. She kept her husband’s body in a car garage, and she called her relatives and her brother. She said to investigate officer ‘my husband like every day took his licensed gun to scare the monkeys in our coffee plantation accidentally weapon got fired on his face and heart, and he passed away. I don’t suspect anyone, so please, I ask your permission to go ahead with the funeral of my husband.’
Materials Sent for analysis in Forensic Science Laboratory:
- Deceased Body sent to Mortuary of General hospital for Post Mortem Examination by a Medical Officer.
- Soil mixed Victim’s blood (scene of the crime).
- Soil without blood (location of the crime).
- Blood strained Teak tree leaves.
- Total of 3 Pellets collected from one Teak tree and wood piece (Tree 1).
- One more Pellet was collected from another Teak tree near its root and wood piece.
- Seized Licensed S.B.B.L gun and an empty cartridge case.
- Cotton swabs inside and outside gun and gun’s barrel for Gun Shot Residue.
- Pellets recovered from the Victim’s Body (18 pellets).
Examination of Crime Scene:
- The crime scene located at Arecanut Plantation belongs to Victim late Laxman. The location is situated at Survey No.17, Kyathsandra village, Tumkur.
- On studying crime scene photographs, sketches, and Investigation Officer’s report, the following observation is as follows:
- Primary Crime Scene-First Victim’s Body to be located near 5 feet 2″ distance From the Teak tree, then it was shifted to the car shed.
- Near the Teak tree, few dried leaves are to be marked with blood collected for further examination.
- From a distance of 5 feet 2,” there is one Teak tree and a total of four pellets recovered from the bloodstain towards south direction.
- Hole No. 1: This hole is present on the Teak tree at the height of 21 inches from the ground. The size of the cave is 2.1 to 2.5 mm. One lead Pellet to remain embedded in the hole. The same is recovered for further examination.
- Hole No. 2: This hole is present on the Teak tree at the height of 20 inches from the ground. The size of the hole is 2.1 mm. One lead Pellet to remain embedded in the hole. The same is recovered for further examination.
- Hole No. 3: This hole is present on the Teak tree at the height of 33 inches from the ground. The measurement of the abrasion is about 2 mm to 25 mm. The surrounding area around the graze remains chipped off. The same is recovered for further analysis.
- Hole No. 4: Another pellet hole is present on the Teak tree at the height of 58 inches from the ground level. The size of the hole is 2.1 mm to 2.5 mm. One Pellet to remain embedded in the hole. The same is recovered for further analysis.
- The forest tree at a distance of 13 feet 7″ towards the south direction from the bloodstain. One Pellet recovered from the hole diameter is about 2.2 mm. This hole is present at the height of 7 inches from the ground level.
- On examination the direction of firing from the location of the above pellet holes, it is noted that the order of firing is from Northeast direction to South west direction.
Examination of the X-ray photograph of the body:
After examining the deceased X-ray photographs, the following observations are as follows:
- Four Pellet injuries present over the right side of the chest.
- Six pellet injuries current over the left side of the chest.
- Three pellet injuries present over the left side of the face.
- One pellet injury present in the abdominal region.
- Two pellet injury present on the right-side thigh region.
- The edges of the pellet injuries to remain contused.
- The injuries appear to be ante-mortem.
- There is no burning, blackening, and tattooing around the pellet injuries.
Mahazar /Panchanama: Proof of procedures observed in criminal cases in terms search and seizure of evidences. This process carried out only in India.
A. Crime Scene Mahazar:
- Type of the place of occurrence: It occurred at the Arecanut plantation which belongs to Victim Rahu its geographical location is Latitude- 1108′ 19″ N Longitude- 790 35′ 17″ E (location changed).
- The Victim was found with shotgun injuries around 28/11/2019 near his Arecanut plantation.
- On 30/11/2019, Tumkur Police station with Assistant Sub Inspector took panchayat member to do crime scene mahazar.
- The Victim’s plantation Arecanut, coconut, the banana plantation is present.
- About 9×5 feet length green grass present on the crime scene, dried leaves, and soil with blood were present.
- To the east direction of the crime scene, the blood, blood mixed soil sample, soil sample collected in a separate white bag and marked “B” and sealed it.
- Five pellets collected from two Teak trees and its wood pieces are also contained in a separate white bag and sealed it.
- Dried leaves with blood near the crime scene collected and sealed it.
- To East direction victim’s coffee plantation after that Guru’s Arecanut plantation.
- The direction of the Victim’s Arecanut plantation is West after that Kyathsandra road.
- To South direction victim’s coffee plantation after that Kyathsandra Shuka’s (neighbor 1) coffee plantation.
- To North direction victim’s coffee plantation after that Guru’s (neighbor 2) Arecanut plantation.
B. Corpus Delicti Mahazar (Body of Crime):
- Body to be found inside car shed belongs to victim Rahu (name changed) located at Kyathsandra, Tumkur taluk.
- Car shed measures 14×14 feet length, the top to remain is of cement and rolling shed photographs, and mahazar completed.
- All pictures, x-rays images of the deceased are collected, and the body to referred for post mortem to General Hospital, Tumkur.
- To East direction victim’s under construction building house.
- To West direction victim’s present living home (Wife, mother and Daughters are living).
- To North direction road and leading to Soorya’s ((neighbor 3) house.
- To South direction victim’s coffee plantation.
C. Weapon License Cancellation Mahazar:
- License cancellation on 30/11/2019 timing: 10:00 – 11:00 am with the presence of witnesses.
- One S.B.B.L. gun and empty cartridge are collected in a white bag and marked “C” with seal.
- Gun’s barrel, trigger, and chamber swabbed with cotton and Collected the same in a separate white bag and marked “D” with seal.
- On our Victim’s name gun license no G.L.A. 81/2015-11 R.L. No: 120 Tumkur gun’s license sheet valid till 31/12/2020 stands recovered.
- Gun measuring 44 inches and 28 inches barrel length in front trigger 9880 number mentioned.
- On gun’s barrel left side, the barrel it is mentioned as “12-gauge Full Choke two 3/4th chamber is made in Japan by Taiyo Juki Kassnar Imports Harrisburg P A”.
- Orange color cartridge case with rim and measures about 7 cm length and it mentioned below the cartridge case “12 Shakti man 12 Express,”, and on the red color plastic case it is mentioned.
- “Long-Range 70 mm Loaded with Smokeless Powder Imported Primer.”
Requisition Letter (Law Enforcement Agency):
Forensic Scientist, M.Sc.
Member KSRA Karnataka State Rifle Association, Bangalore.
Subject: Requesting to visit the crime scene and examination of the deceased late Rahu (name changed) aged 48 years and give us your complete expert analysis of the same.
Regarding the case as mentioned earlier, which took place near Tumkur police station. On 29/11/2019 at 13:00 hours late, Rahu’s wife gave a written complaint. According to her on 28/11/2019, around 16:30 hours, her husband took his S.B.B.L (single barrel breach loading) gun to protect our coffee plantation from monkeys’ attack. When her husband did not come back to the house around 20:00 hours, she called his mobile number many times, no response from the other end. She called her relative and took torchlight went to look for her husband, around 22:00 hours she found her husband, who got injured, and he was bleeding from his face, and the body was warm, so she decides to take his on her back and carry him to hospital. Near her home, he passed away. She kept her husband’s body in the car garage, and she called her relatives and her brother. She said to investigate officer ‘my husband like every day took his Licensed gun to scare the monkeys in our coffee plantation accidentally weapon got fired on his face and heart, and he passed away. I don’t suspect anyone, so please, I ask your permission to go ahead with the funeral of my husband.’
Questions need answers:
- Victim’s gun got fired, and we want to know the range of fire of this weapon and from Which direction the pellets entered the deceased body.
- Victim’s gun got fired, and four pellets entered into a Teak tree, and one Pellet entered into a Forest tree we want to know from which direction it got fired from the gun.
- We want to know the shotgun fired it injured Victim and deceased got self-inflicted injury by accidental firing or someone shot him.
- We want to know the damages to the Victim are unintentional injuries, and how are accidental injuries look alike. If someone shot the Victim, how the wounds are studied. References photographs and post mortem reports are enclosed, please provide us with your full expert opinion.
Sub Inspector of Police
Tumkur Police Station, Tumkur Taluk
Details of the Victim
Name: Rahu (name changed)
Age: 44 years
Height: 5.83 feet
Referred by Law Enforcement Agency
- An adult male body length 178 cm.
- Identification mark- Black Mole (location not mentioned) External Appearance: Aged above 44 years.
- Hair: The color is Black over the scalp, measuring length 7 cm.
- Bleeding from Nose and Mouth.
- Wounds: Pellet wounds left cheek three pellet wounds measures 3 cm, 7.1 cm & 8 cm from nose and 4 cm from the mid-line, over Left Clavicle lat end. Right side chest, 7 cm above & medial to Right nipple, Right Thigh, Left Neck left Precordium.
- Chest Cavity: Pellet wounds are present as described.
- Hemo Thorax: Hemothorax lung conjecture. Injury to Aorta. Genitalia- Intact.
- Contents sent for Forensic Science Laboratory:
- Stomach and Contents
- Visceral organs.
- Blood sample
- Stained T-Shirt, Night Pant, and Underwear.
Cause of Death: (As Mentioned in the PM report)
According to Medical Officer General Hospital Tumkur dated 29/11/2019, Death is probably due to injury to vital organs that are both lungs and heart (Hemothorax and Hemopericardium), resulting in Hemorrhage and Death.
Time Since Death: 16 hours.
My Opinion: The above mentioned case contains no conflict of interest and court trail procedures started the above article is only for study purpose. The x-ray images taken from google images and edited for understanding injuries in this case. The reconstruction of crime scene conducted and findings are mentioned. Based on the study of the Photographs, X-ray images, PM reports, and Examination of the crime scene and the reconstruction of the crime scene the following inference is as follows:
- The injuries sustained by the Victim remain penetrating, and presence is triggered because of impact through lead pellets, which has remained fired from a shotgun.
- The holes noted in the crime scene to be started by a hit by lead pellets, which remains fired from the shotgun.
- The approximate range of firing concerning pattern of injuries sustained by the Victim is beyond 3.65 metres and within 22.86 meters from the mussel end of the shotgun.
- The way and location of injuries present on the Victim and the trees at the crime scene indicate that the Victim was in standing position at the time of firing.
- The direction of firing concerning the holes present on the trees is from North-East to South-West direction.
- The pattern of injuries sustained by the Victim and the range of firing is not consistent with suicidal firing and rules out the theory of self-inflicted wound by accidental firing.
- The shooter is right handed noted at crime scene Reconstruction and primer composition analysed in lab.